LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE,WELLBEING,AND BURNOUT OF RESIDENTS AT A COMMUNITY HOSPITAL
T Wasfie, H Kirkpatrick, K Barber, J Hella, T Anderson, M Vogel
Ascension Genesys Hospital
Emotional intelligence (EI) as a concept is becoming increasingly relevant in the health care industry. In order to examine the relationship between EI , burnout and wellness, we administer these measures quarterly in resident physicians and analyzed the variables in each subset to gain insights and understanding of their relationship.
In 2017 and 2018 all residents entering the training programs in year one (PGY-1) were administered, The Emotional Intelligence Questionnaires- Short Form (TEIQue-SF), The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and The Physician Wellness Inventory (PWI). The questionnaires were completed quarterly. Statistical analysis include ANOVA AND ANCOVA.
The overall combined PGY-1 residents year (n=80) had an EI global trait mean score of 5.47 (SD :0.59) at the beginning of their first year. The domains of burnout and physician wellness were examined across four different time points during the residentís first year. Domain scores changed significantly over the four time points during the first year. There was a relative 46% increase in exhaustion (p<0.001), 48% increase in depersonalization (p<0.001), and 11% decrease in personal achievement (p<0.001). Physician wellness domains also changed significantly between time 1 (beginning) and time 4 (end) of the year. There was a relative 12% decrease in career purpose (p<0.001), a 30% increase in distress ( p<0.001), and 6% decrease in Career meaning (p<0.001). Each burnout domains and physician wellness domains were highly correlated with EI. EI was independently assessed with each domaine at baseline ( time 1) and with changes overtime. The lowest EI group reported their distress increase significantly over time (p=0.003) and a decline in career purpose (p<0.001) and career meaning (p=0.04).
Emotional Intelligence is associated with wellbeing and burnout in individual residents, therefore, it is important to identify those who require increase support during residency in order to succeed.
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